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Chronic Kidney Failure

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Stage 5 Chronic Kidney Failure

Stage 5 Chronic Kidney Failure refers to end stage renal disease (ESRD), in which kidney function is reduced severely and patients’ glomerular filtration rate is less than 15ml/min. Since kidneys have lost nearly all their ability to do their job effectively, kidney replacement therapy such as dialysis may be needed.

As kidney function declines, more and more symptoms and discomforts happen to patients with kidney failure that includes:

● Nausea and vomiting

● Being tired all the time

● Skin itching, increased skin pigmentation and changes in skin color

● Muscle cramps or restless legs

● Making little or no urine

● Swelling

● Quite high creatinine and BUN level

● Severe anemia

● Headache

The reason why so many symptoms appear in stage 5 chronic kidney failure is that too much waste and toxins build up in the blood and and the electrolyte balance is destroyed. If left untreated, some complications like cardiovascular diseases may be life-threatening. From this point, to see a nephrologist is a must. Then, the nephrologist can help patient decide which test treatment is best for him.

Dialysis and kidney transplant are two conventional therapies for end stage renal disease. In recent years, some alternative treatments form to give kidney failure patients new hopes, such as Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy, Immunotherapy and polluted blood therapy.

Dialysis is able to replace damaged kidneys to cleanse blood by removing waste products and toxins, but it can’t secrete hormones to regulate blood pressure and keep electrolyte balance. As for those alternative treatments, they are used to handle stage 5 kidney failure with various principles.

For example, polluted blood therapy focuses on normalizing blood circulation before treating kidney disease. A normal blood circulation can make sure damaged kidney cells get enough nutritions and oxygen from the blood flow. With increased self-curative ability, impaired kidney cells can recover to work gradually, thus raising the kidney function. As long as patients’ kidney function is higher than 15% and maintains stable, they can avoid dialysis or further dialysis successfully.

Besides medical treatment, diet changes are also very important. In most cases, people in stage 5 chronic kidney failure will find they have more restrictions such as limited intake of sodium, potassium, phosphorus and fluid. More detailed diet changes should depend on patients’ individual conditions.

With a correct medical treatment and healthy diet plan, stage 5 chronic kidney failure patients’ overall health and kidney condition can be improved largely.

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