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How does kidney work?

Kidney is a great excretory organ, responsible for removing excess water, waste products and toxins from the body. Also, to keep a stable balance of substances in blood, produce EPO and regulate blood pressure is the basic function of kidneys.
How does kidney work?

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What is a kidney transplant?

A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure in which a healthy kidney replaces the diseased kidney. This healthy kidney can come from a living donor or from a deceased organ donor.

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Who can do kidney transplant?

Generally speaking, kidney transplant is the most ideal treatment for chronic renal insufficiency, so patients can consider this operation when their kidney disease progresses into end stage. However, to increase the survival rate of kidney transplant recipients, the standards to choose the candidate of kidney transplantation are quite strict. Primary glomerulonephritis, chronic nephropyelitis, cystic kidney disease, etc, are suitable to do kidney transplant. Besides, age, complications, test reports, etc, should also be considered.
Who can do kidney transplant?

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What are the risks of kidney transplant?

As with any surgery, kidney transplant can cause the following complications:
● Bleeding
● Infections
● Leakage of urine or urinary tract blockage
● Blockage of blood vessels to the new kidney
● Initial lack of the function of new kidney
● Rejection which is most common

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What is rejection after kidney transplant?

Rejection is a normal reaction of the body to a foreign tissue or organ. When a donated kidney is placed into a recipient’s body, the immune system will react to what it perceives as a threat and attacks it. If left alone, a rejection may cause the failure of this new kidney. To prevent or treat rejection, recipients need to take anti-rejection medications every day after kidney transplant. What are the side effects of anti-rejection drugs? This kind of medications may cause numerous side effects because the body’s immune defense is inhibited with these medications. If you are taking them, you may have the following complications:
● Current or recurrent infections that can’t be controlled effectively
● Severe cardiac or other medical conditions
● High blood pressure
● Weight gain
● Tumors
● Kidney failure again
If you have one or more symptoms the above mentioned,
changing the dose or type of your anti-rejection medications may be needed.

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What are the advantages of kidney transplant?

What are the advantages of kidney transplant?
Until now, kidney transplant is a good choice for most kidney disease patients. Successful kidney transplant can help patients avoid dialysis, and it is more effective than hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. What’s more, patients after successful kidney transplant have fewer restrictions in their diet and lifestyles. Here, we can say kidney transplant is able to give a brand new life for patients with end stage kidney disease or kidney failure.

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