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What Is Hypertensive Nephropathy

Hypertensive Nephropathy is a medical term used to describe kidney problem resulted from years of high blood pressure. It occurs easily among people who have lived with Hypertension over 5-10 years. Similar with other kinds of kidney problem, it also progresses to kidney failure if left uncontrolled. For this reason, a timely treatment is very necessary.

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Tests and Diagnosis of Hypertensive Nephropathy

Hypertension is a common illness in our daily life, but in some cases, patients develop no kidney problem during the whole of their life. Therefore, for patients who are living with high blood pressure, how do they know if their kidneys have been injured due to persistent high blood pressure?

For Hypertension patients, the following tests can help to know if kidney function is affected:

Routine Blood Test: Affected kidney function is always accompanied with elevated serum creatinine level and Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN ) level, so Routine Blood Test can help to know if kidney function is impaired. Also, through serum creatinine level, we can estimate GFR which reflects how well kidney function.

Routine Urine Test: Routine Urine Test help to know if there are excess protein and red blood cell. For Hypertensive Nephropathy patients, they usually have excess protein in urine due to affected kidney. Therefore, for an individual who has lived with uncontrolled high blood pressure for many years, they might have developed kidney problem if there are excess protein in urine.

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What Are the Symptoms and Signs of Hypertensive Nephropathy

When Hypertensive Nephropathy is caused, the following symptoms will appear gradually:

Frequent urination at night

Colorless urine

Protein in urine: This is manifested as foamy urine or bubbly urine when it becomes extremely severe.

Swelling in eyelid or lower limbs

Blurred vision

Blood urine

Digestive problems: poor appetite, nausea and vomiting

Skin problem: yellow skin, dry skin and itchy skin

Kidney shrinkage

When Hypertensive Nephropathy develops to kidney failure stage, all the body systems can be involved, so patients run a high risk for various discomforts if their kidney problem is left uncontrolled.

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How Is Hypertensive Nephropathy Treated?

Hypertensive Nephropathy is a kidney problem resulted from long-term high blood pressure, so a tight control of blood pressure is very essential. In medicines, drugs that can be used by kidney disease patients include ACE inhibitors, ARBs (Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers), Beta-blockers, Calcium Channel Blockers, Direct Renin Inhibitors and so so. All these drugs help to control blood pressure into normal range, and they are helpful for Hypertensive Nephropathy patients. However, it is not the all that patients can do. To live a better life with kidney disease caused by Hypertension, they also need to repair injured kidney intrinsic cells and restore kidney function.

Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy is recommended for Hypertensive Nephropathy patients as it shows effects in extending blood vessels which can help to lower blood pressure. What is more, effective ingredients in micro-Chinese medicine are able to repair injured kidney cells. In Hypertensive Nephropathy, as long as much more kidney cells are repaired to work again, kidney function is improved.

Besides, for people whose kidneys have been injured severely due to Hypertensive Nephropathy, Polluted Blood Therapy is another option. Different from other treatments, Polluted Blood Therapy focuses on treating polluted blood, not injured kidney. We all know kidneys are responsible for filtering blood and when kidneys are injured, various toxins build up in blood which not only cause further damages on kidney, but also threaten other internal organs. Successful treatment for polluted blood helps blood coagulation system, hematopoietic system, secretion and compensatory mechanism get recovery and function protect again.

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Dietary Suggestions For Hypertensive Nephropathy

A beneficial diet for Hypertensive Nephropathy patients refers to:

Low-protein diet: Protein is a necessary nutrition for us, but for Hypertensive Nephropathy patients, high protein intake will increase kidney burden, which is harmful for kidneys. For this reason, limiting protein intake is very essential for Hypertensive Nephropathy patients. (Consult our nephrologist for proper protein intake for you)

Low-salt diet: Low-salt diet is a must not matter for people with high blood pressure, as high salt intake can cause further elevation of blood pressure.

Vitamin: Try to ingest more vitamin, especially vitamin B which can help t o regulate body metabolism.

Control calory supply: People with kidney disease are more likely to suffer from dyslipidemia, so controlling calory supply is also necessary. How much calory they can ingest every day depends on their physical condition and illness condition.

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