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What Is Polycystic Kidney Disease(PKD)

Polycystic Kidney Disease is a kidney problem marked by increasing fluid collection in kidney. These fluid collections are called kidney cysts. They cause no damages or effects on kidney function when they are small. However, the problem is they enlarge over time and when they enlarge to a certain size, they suppress surrounding kidney tissues and affect them from functioning normally. As a consequence, kidney function decreases. In medicine, there are two types of PKD: ADPKD (Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease) and ARPKD(Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease). As of now, there is no cure for Polycystic Kidney Disease as PKD can not be removed successfully.

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Tests and Diagnosis of Polycystic Kidney Disease(PKD)

Polycystic Kidney Disease is a genetic kidney problem, so children with parents suffering from PKD run a very high risk for this kidney problem. Basing on clinical studies, children whose two patients are living with Polycystic Kidney Disease have 75% risk to develop this kidney disorder. And for these with one parent suffering from this genetic problem have 50% risk to suffer from this disease.

For people who have a high risk for PKD, different tests like ultrasound examination, computerized tomography scan, magnetic resonance imaging scan are available to detect this disease. They can help to know the size and the number of the cysts, as well as evaluate the amount of healthy kidney tissue they have.

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What Are the Symptoms and Signs of Polycystic Kidney Disease(PKD)

For PKD patients, if illness progression can not be stopped at the very beginning, they will experience the following symptoms:

High blood pressure

Back pain or flank pain

Enlargement of abdomen

Blood urine


Urinary tract infection or kidney infection

Frequent urination, decreased urine output or anuria

Kidney stone

Live cyst

It is possible for patients to experience various symptoms like digestive discomforts, sleep problem and skin itching when illness condition progresses to kidney failure stage. Therefore, the best preventive measure for these discomforts is stopping PKD from deteriorating to kidney failure.

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Treatment Options For Polycystic Kidney Disease(PKD)

At present, there is no cure for Polycystic Kidney Disease, but it does not mean there is nothing to do for PKD patients but wait for dialysis or kidney transplant. PKD is a genetic cystic kidney problem and marked by increasing kidney cysts. It affects kidney function through enlarged kidney cysts, so as long as kidney cysts are shrunk or removed effectively, kidney function is protected and kidney failure is avoided.

Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy

In early stage of PKD, Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy is recommended. Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherpay is an innovation of Traditional Chinese Medicine, but totally different from TCM. In this treatment, different herbs are used externally. More importantly, these herbs are proven to be able to extend blood vessels and make pressure difference between inside the cyst and outside the cyst. We all know fluid flow toward the side with low pressure, so when blood pressure outside the cyst is lower than that inside the cyst, cystic fluid ooze and consequently, kidney cyst becomes smaller.


Surgery is commonly used to deal with big cysts in kidney. It is a direct way to remove cyst from kidney, but disappointedly, it is risky and painful. What is worse, its treatment effects are temporary, as through clinical observation, medical staff found when big cysts are removed, small cysts enlarge quickly.

PKD is incurable. When kidney function is injured severely by kidney cysts, dialysis and kidney transplant will be the last two options.

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Dietary Suggestions For Polycystic Kidney Disease(PKD)

A beneficial diet for Polycystic Kidney Disease(PKD) patients refers to:

Low-protein diet: Protein is a necessary nutrition for us, but for Polycystic Kidney Disease(PKD) patients, high protein intake will increase kidney burden, which is harmful for kidneys. For this reason, limiting protein intake is very essential for Polycystic Kidney Disease(PKD) patients. (Consult our nephrologist for proper protein intake for you)

Low-salt diet: Low-salt diet is a must not matter for people with high blood pressure, as high salt intake can cause further elevation of blood pressure.

Vitamin: Try to ingest more vitamin, especially vitamin B which can help t o regulate body metabolism.

Control calory supply: People with kidney disease are more likely to suffer from dyslipidemia, so controlling calory supply is also necessary. How much calory they can ingest every day depends on their physical condition and illness condition.

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