A Kidney-friendly Diet for Stage 4 Chronic Kidney Disease Patients2014-01-22 08:47
As we know, the chronic kidney disease (CKD) can be divided into 5 stages, and stage 4 CKD means the kidneys have been damaged severely. In this stage, patients need to have effective treatment to remedy their kidney damage, besides, they also need to keep a kidney-friendly diet, which can help them reduce the kidney burden and protect the residual kidney function. Besides, a healthy kidney-friendly diet can also help slow down the kidney failure.
Then, how to keep a kidney-friendly diet for stage 4 CKD patients?
1. Limit protein diet
For stage 4 CKD patients, they often have proteinuria, so they need to limit their protein intake. They can take o.4g/kg body weight depending on their illness, which can help reduce the kidney burden and relieve the symptom of protein urine.
2. Limit the salt intake
Because of the kidney damage, stage 4 CKD patients need to limit their salt diet, which can help relieve the swelling and lower high blood pressure.
3. Limit fluid intake
the kidney damage will cause fluid retention in body, which will cause severe swelling or edema. In this condition, patients need to limit their fluid intake, which can help remit the symptom of swelling.
4. Supply enough vitamin
Stage 4 CKD patients can take more vegetables and fruits to supply them enough vitamin, but they need to choose the right and proper vegetables and fruits depending on their potassium and phosphorus levels. Because both high potassium and phosphorus levels will be harmful for stage 4 CKD patients.
Besides keeping a kidney-friendly diet, they also need to have effective treatment to remedy their kidney disease, because the un-well treated kidney disease will cause end stage kidney disease. So patients should have both medical treatment and dietary treatment to slow down the progression of kidney disease.
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