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The Complications and Etiology Of Chronic Heart Failure

This article was provided by doctor zhengfalei 2018-09-25 09:06

If you have chronic heart failure you must know more information about that ,then you can do some precautions for improvement of your heart condition.Now i want to show you the etiology of Chronic Heart Failure as following:

( 1 ) Myocardial systolic and diastolic dysfunction:

This is the most common cause of heart failure, including myocarditis, cardiomyopathy, myocardial infarction, ischemic heart disease, myocardial metabolic disorder ( such as hypoxia, ischemia, water, electrolyte and acid-base imbalance, etc. ). Among them, diastolic dysfunction is the main factor, which is found in hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, aortic and / or pulmonary stenosis, restrictive cardiomyopathy, etc.

( 2 ) ventricular preload overload:

Including valve insufficiency caused by various reasons, intracardiac or large vascular shunt diseases, such as atrial ventricular septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus, ruptured aneurysm of aortic sinus, arteriovenous fistula, etc.

( 3 ) ventricular overload:

Including pulmonary hypertension caused by various reasons, systemic hypertension ( primary and secondary hypertension ), left and right ventricular outflow tract stenosis and main and pulmonary artery stenosis, etc.

( 4 ) Insufficient ventricular preload:

Congestion of left and / or right atria, systemic circulation and / or pulmonary circulation, such as stenosis of tricuspid valve, atrial myxoma, pericarditis, cardiac tamponade and restrictive cardiomyopathy.

( 5 ) high power cycle state:

Including hyperthyroidism, anemia, vitamin B1 deficiency, systemic arteriovenous fistula, etc.

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