What are the Signs of Stages 4-5 Kidney Failure Patients2014-02-09 01:41
Kidney failure is a kind of kidney disease with the kidney function gradually reduced, and kidney failure can be divided into 5 stages depending on the glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Kidney failure patients may not have some obvious symptoms in their early stages, however, when they develop into stage 3 or stage 4-5 kidney failure, they will suffer from some serious symptoms. Then what are the signs of stages 4-5 kidney failure patients?
The kidneys have been damaged severely for stage 4 kidney failure patients, and their GFR is 15-29ml/min/1.73m2. In stage 4, their kidney function has been damaged 77.5%-85%. And for stage 5 kidney failure patients, the kidneys are damaged very severely, and the GFR is less than 15 ml/min/1.73m2. And the kidneys have been lost 85% or more of their function.
Kidney failure patients in stage 4 are also called advanced stage of kidney failure, in this stage, patients are often recommended to prepare for dialysis or kidney transplant. At this point, they may have symptoms such as proteinuria, blood urine, swelling, changes in urination, sleep problems, bad breath, numbness or tingling in feet and hands, fatigue and loss of appetite. All these symptoms will make patients suffer from a poor life quality.
Stage 5 kidney failure which is also known as end stage kidney failure, in this stage, the kidneys have been damaged severely, and the residual kidney function is less than 15%. So in this condition, patients will suffer from some serious symptoms. Besides the symptoms mentioned in stage 4, they may also have some other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, skin itching or skin rash, and the skin color will be changed. The occurrence of these symptoms are mainly caused by the accumulation of toxins and wastes in blood. In this stage, patients are often recommended to have dialysis, which can help prolong the life length and improve the life quality.
From above we can know the common signs for kidney failure patients in stage 4 and stage 5, if you are suffer from several or more symptoms mentioned above, you need to pay attention to your condition. Early and effective treatment will help patients to prolong their life expectancy.