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Some Test Items About Urine Test Should Be Known Well

2018-11-20 11:30

As to many kidney patients they often have done the urine test to diagnose their kidney condition exactly,but few of them can understand the content of test well.and then i want to tell you some items of urine test as following.

1. Specific gravity

Increased specific gravity of urine: Pre – renal oliguria, Diabetes, acute Nephritis and Nephrotic syndrome caused by insufficient blood volume.

Urine specific gravity decreased: A lot of drinking water, chronic glomerulonephritis, renal failure.

2 White blood cell

If a large number of white blood cells appear, the possibility of urinary tract infection should be considered. However, it should be noted that there are many factors affecting urinary white blood cells, which may cause false negative. Therefore, it is necessary to make a judgment in combination with the following nitrite results.

3. Nitrite

It is of great value to assist in the diagnosis of urinary system infection, and it can basically be preliminarily judged as urinary system infection if nitrite is positive.

4. Urine ketone body

Disorders of glucose metabolism can lead to ketonuria.

Positive, common in diabetic ketosis, pregnancy vomiting, eclampsia, diarrhea, poisoning, typhoid fever, measles, scarlet fever, pneumonia, septicemia, acute rheumatic fever, acute miliary tuberculosis, convulsions, etc. In addition, hunger, excessive fat and protein intake after delivery can also be positive.

5. Urobilinogen

Normal reference value: Weak positive

Positive: It can be seen in hemolytic jaundice, liver disease, etc.

Negative: It can be seen in obstructive jaundice.

6. Urine bilirubin

Positive: It can be seen in obstructive jaundice caused by cholelithiasis, biliary tract tumor, biliary ascaris, pancreatic head cancer, liver cancer, liver cirrhosis, acute and chronic hepatitis, liver cell necrosis, etc.

After the comments about the urine test items you can know well about the test and if you have other any questions about the test please contact us through the following:

E-mail: kidney-treatment@hotmail.com

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